STRATEGY AND SCENARIO ANALYSIS
The scenario analysis revealed:
- low-impact risks that emerged in the previous two years;
- medium- and high-impact risks that emerged over the previous 20 years.
The calculations used scenario terms of the IPCC and the International Energy Agency (RCP 2.6 and IEA 2DS) IPCC stands for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The IPCC has worked out four scenarios of the future evolution of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, of which RCP 2.6 (the most favorable scenario) assumes that by 2065 the annual average air temperature will have increased by no more than 1.6С. The IEA’s 2DS presents a strategy for limiting the global temperature increase to 2C. , supplemented by Group-specific criteria.
For each climate risk scenario, Moscow Exchange develops measures to mitigate the adverse impact of its activities on the climate and increase the Group’s ability to adapt to climate change, changes in the regulatory environment, and cater to the market’s appetite for responsible investing.
Following the analysis, heat maps of risks and opportunities were prepared As at the date of the report, the risk and opportunity heat maps are under review and pending approval by Moscow Exchange management. .
Moscow Exchange Group’s strategic action plan for climate risk management includes the following key areas:
- enhancing the understanding of climate risks;
- regularly assessing climate risks (including physical and transition risks) and formulating actions to manage these risks in the short, medium, and long term;
- integrating climate risks into Moscow Exchange’s risk map and embedding them into the general risk management processes;
- disclosing information about (a) climate risk identification and assessment processes; (b) the appropriateness of scenarios related to climate change; (c) key climate risks and, where applicable, their impact on financial performance; and (d) measures taken to adapt to climate change;
- collaborating with regulators, industry associations, and international financial institutions to share best practices for managing climate risks.
The Group believes that this approach is in line with its business strategy, as it will foster a more stable and effective financial system and the achievement of greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.